1. Resistors: These components are used to regulate the flow of current in a circuit. They are designed to limit the amount of current that passes through them, and they come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and materials.
2. Capacitors: These components store energy in an electric field between two plates and are used to store small amounts of electrical charge for later use—they’re also useful for filtering out high-frequency noise from circuits.
3. Inductors: These components act as coils that produce an electromagnetic field when current flows through them—they’re often used in radio frequency applications to tune circuits or filter out noise.
4. Diodes: Diodes only allow electricity to pass through them one way—they’re great for rectifying alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC), which is needed by many electronic devices such as stereos, televisions, and computers.
5. Capacitors: These components are made of two plates separated by an insulator, and they store energy in the form of an electric field. They’re often used to filter out high-frequency noise from circuits.